A1C, A1c, GHB, GHb, hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, Hb1c, HbA1c:
Hemoglobin A1c (a lab test for diabetes)
American Association of Diabetes Educators (former name of the
ACE-I: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (a class of medications for treatment of hypertension)
Advanced glycosylation end products
AODM: Adult-onset diabetes mellitus (a former term for type 2 diabetes)
ARB: Angiotensin receptor blocker (a class of medications for treatment of hypertension)
ASCVD: Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease or Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
BG: Blood Glucose
Body Mass Index
BS: Blood Sugar
BUN: Blood urea nitrogen. A laboratory test used to assess kidney function.
c̄: with. This abbreviation is frequently used by medical professionals when hand-writing prescriptions, and in other situations where shorthand is used.
Canadian Diabetes Association (a not-for-profit diabetes organization)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (A U.S. Government Agency)
Certified Diabetes Educator
Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
Coronary Heart Disease
Congestive Heart Failure
CSII: Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (delivery of insulin by insulin pump)
Cerebrovascular accident (The medical term for stroke)
dblog: A blog (web log) about diabetes.
Diabetic Heart Disease
DM: Diabetes Mellitus
DPP-4 Inhibitor, DPP-IV Inhibitor, DPP4I:
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (a class of diabetes medications)
DKA: Diabetic Ketoacidosis (a complication of uncontrolled diabetes)
Estimated Average Glucose.
European Association for the Study of Diabetes
(a multinational diabetes organization)
ER: Emergency Room
Fellow of the American College of Endocrinology
Fellow of the American College of Physicians
FBG: Fasting Blood Glucose
FBS: Fasting Blood Sugar
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (A U.S. Government Agency)
FPG: Fasting Plasma Glucose
Gestational diabetes mellitus
GFR: Glomerular filtration rate. A measurement of kidney function.
GHB, GHb, HbA1c, A1C, A1c, HbA1c, Hb1c:
Glycated Hemoglobin, also known as Glycosylated Hemoglobin,
also known as Hemoglobin A1c (a lab test for diabetes)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 Agonists
GTT, OGTT: Glucose Tolerance Test, also known as Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (a lab test for diabetes)
HBGM, SMBG: Home Blood Glucose Monitoring, also known as Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose
HbA1c, Hb1c, GHB, GHb, HbA1c, A1C, A1c):
Hemoglobin A1c (a lab test for diabetes)
High blood pressure (hypertension)
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HHNC / HHNS: Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma / hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome. A complication of diabetes in which there is extremely high blood glucose levels with minimal or no ketones.
HLA: Human leukocyte antigen.
IAA: Insulin autoantibodies
ICA: Islet cell autoantibodies
IDDM: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (a former term for type 1 diabetes)
International Diabetes Federation (a multinational diabetes organization)
Impaired fasting glucose (a former term for pre-diabetes)
Impaired glucose tolerance (a former term for pre-diabetes)
IIT: Intensive Insulin Therapy.
L: Lente (a formerly-used intermediate-acting variety of insulin)
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults.
Low Glucose Suspend (a term used in conjunction with insulin pumps that can cease insulin delivery when glucose levels are low)
MAA: Marketing Authorization Application (An application for European regulators to review a drug for approval for marketing in the EU. In the US, the equivalent document is called a New Drug Application (NDA).)
MDI: Multiple Daily Injections (of insulin)
MEN: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (a syndrome with multiple endocrine tumors)
mg/dL: Milligrams per deciliter (a unit of measurement used for blood glucose and for other lab tests)
mmol/L: Millimoles per liter (a unit of measurement used for blood glucose and for other lab tests)
MNT: Medical Nutrition Therapy
Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (a less common genetic form of diabetes)
NASH: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (A U.S. Government Agency)
New Drug Application
(An application for the US FDA to review a drug for approval for marketing in the USA. In Europe, the equivalent document is
called a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA).)
National Diabetes Education Program (A U.S. Government Agency)
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (A U.S. Government Agency)
Neonatal diabetes mellitus
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (A British health organization)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (A U.S. Government Agency)
National Institutes of Health (A U.S. Government Agency)
NIDDM: Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (a former term for type 2 diabetes)
Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
NOD: Non-obese diabetic. (Non-obese diabetic mice exhibit a susceptibility to spontaneous development of autoimmune diabetes mellitus, and have been used as a model in type 1 diabetes research.)
Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (a variety of insulin)
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus
PubMed (from the National Library of Medicine at the NIH)
PVD: Peripheral Vascular Disease
PWD: People with diabetes
PZI: Protamine Zinc Insulin (a formerly-used long-acting variety of insulin)
Regular (a variety of insulin)
s̄: without. This abbreviation is frequently used by medical professionals when hand-writing prescriptions, and in other situations where shorthand is used.
Sodium-glucose transporter. The name of a "transporter protein" in the
kidneys that allows resorption of glucose.
Two variants exist:
sodium-glucose transporter-1 (SGLT1)
sodium-glucose transporter-2 (SGLT2).
SMBG, HBGM: Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose, also known as Home Blood Glucose Monitoring
Sulfonylurea (a class of diabetes medications)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Type 3 diabetes mellitus
TIA: Transient ischemic attack. A type of cerebrovascular accident or stroke.
TSA: Transportation Security Administration (a US Government agency)
Thiozolidinediones (a class of diabetes medications)
U: Units (a measurement of insulin activity)
U100, U40, U500: Concentration of insulin activity per unit volume of fluid. U100 has 100 units of insulin per milliliter (ml); it is the most commonly-used strength of insulin. U40 is more dilute, and contains only 40 units of insulin per ml; U500 is more concentrated, and has 500 units of insulin per ml. Other concentrations have also been available (e.g., U80 and U400).
U, UL: Ultralente (a formerly-used long-acting variety of insulin)
URI: Upper Respiratory Infection
UTI: Urinary Tract Infection
Very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
World Health Organization
0 - 9